Deciphering Susceptibility Factors of MERS-CoV in Ethiopia: Insights from a Comprehensive Zoonotic Disease Survey


  • ROSHNI SHAH College of Public Health, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA
  • Amira Roess College of Public Health, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA



Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) is a zoonotic virus that has raised serious concerns as a public health threat worldwide. Ethiopia, with its substantial camel population and diverse wildlife, represents an important ecological context for studying the transmission dynamics of MERS-CoV between other animals and humans. However, the factors that trigger zoonotic disease emergence and spread remain poorly understood. Through analyzing and condensing data from a zoonotic disease survey, considering various factors such as occupation, drinking water sources, current health status, or number of animals owned, we are now able to identify which groups are most susceptible to these diseases due to different environments and styles of living. From the simple data analysis, we can reasonably infer that there are large numbers of older people, individuals with weakened immune systems, and poor health statuses. These groups are likely at greater risk of developing severe disease. Additionally, those who work around animals, eat animal meat, or use them for skins and medicine are more vulnerable to zoonotic diseases as well.





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