Narrative and Conflict: Explorations in Theory and Practice https://journals.gmu.edu/index.php/NandC Narrative and conflict publishes articles on conflict resolution and conflict analysis that are grounded in a narrative framework of thinking and of practice. en-US fjabbari@gmu.edu (Fatma Jabbari) publish@gmu.edu (Mason Publishing) Mon, 01 Jan 2018 00:00:00 -0500 OJS 3.1.1.4 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 ¿Resolución Simbólica de Traumas? Tribunales de Crímenes de Guerra, Violencia Sexual, y la Performance Jurídica de la Curación (Resumen) https://journals.gmu.edu/index.php/NandC/article/view/1988 <p>La tendencia cada vez más notoria de considerar a los tribunales internacionales centrados en crímenes de guerra como instituciones que no solo proveen justicia sino también constituyen unos vehículos para la resolución del sufrimiento de las víctimas de la violencia de guerra marca un cambio notable en la Legislación Humanitaria Internacional (LHI). Este “giro terapéutico” de la LHI aparece claramente expresada en los procedimientos del Tribunal Internacional de Crímenes en la ex Yugoeslavia (1993) y el Tribunal Internacional para Ruanda (1994). Ambos tribunales lanzaron lo que ha sido llamada la “era de los tribunales”<a>[1]</a>, poniendo un énfasis sin precedentes en las victimas de atrocidades. Este artículo provee una exploración crítica de la adjudicación de la violencia sexual como crimen de guerra en el contexto de este giro terapéutico.</p> <p>Usando como lente la concepción de tribunales históricos propuesta por la experta en traumas Shoshana Felman, intento subrayar de qué manera estos tribunales pueden bloquear o hacer imposible el tipo de catarsis que esta autora presupone. He elegido dos casos para ilustrar algunos de los costos imprevisibles que derivan de la promesa de una resolución o cura legal: En primer lugar, el discurso mismo que promete una resolución o alivio a las mujeres víctimas de violencia sexual de hecho las reduce a una condición de víctima. En segundo lugar, las “otras” víctimas de la violencia sexual de guerra (en este caso, los varones), suelen no ser reconocidas o vueltas invisibles en este paradigma de “cura” legal.&nbsp; Mi análisis de esos casos explora cómo las intervenciones terapéuticas-jurídicas pueden socavar los objetivos que se proponen, a la vez que ocultar las relaciones de poder en las que se basan y que contribuyen a perpetuar.</p> <p><a>[1]</a>&nbsp;Scheffer (2012), 4.</p> Diana Anders ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://journals.gmu.edu/index.php/NandC/article/view/1988 Tue, 06 Feb 2018 16:30:45 -0500 Conversaciones de Reentrada: Una Práctica Narrativa Restaurativa para la Reintegración de Estudiantes (Resumen) https://journals.gmu.edu/index.php/NandC/article/view/1987 <div id="articleAbstract" class="block"> <div>Cuando un estudiante que ha sido suspendido retorna a la escuela, con frecuencia lo hace volviendo a la clase como si nada hubiera pasado. La expectativa es que el estudiante ha aprendido de la experiencia y cambiará su comportamiento de la manera esperada… pero ese proceso suele ser dejado al azar. Las conversaciones de reentrada se dirigen a que ese aprender de la experiencia sea menos aleatorio. Este articulo ofrece un mapa para dirigir ese tipo de conversación, facilitada por consejeros escolares, e incluye una viñeta que ilustra este enfoque en acción, en una conversación que subraya una exploración de las esperanzas del estudiante en lugar de patologizarlo o exigir que se acomode a las esperanzas de la escuela.</div> </div> John M Winslade, Michael J. Williams ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://journals.gmu.edu/index.php/NandC/article/view/1987 Tue, 06 Feb 2018 16:28:58 -0500 Amor, Miedo, Ira: El Arco Emocional de la Retórica Populista (Resumen) https://journals.gmu.edu/index.php/NandC/article/view/1986 <div id="articleAbstract" class="block"> <div>¿Por qué, en este momento histórico, las narrativas nacionalistas separatistas son más ponderosas que aquellas inclusivas que favorecen la integración transnacional? Este ensayo examina cuatro casos de “relatos nacionalistas”: la retórica del&nbsp;<em>Partido Independiente del Reino Unido&nbsp;</em>(UKIP) de Nigel Farage durante la campaña de “separarse” (de la UE) en Gran Bretaña, de la campaña presidencial de Donald Trump en los Estados Unidos en 2016, de la campaña del&nbsp;<em>Partido de la Libertad</em>&nbsp;de Geert Wilders en Holanda en 2017, y de la campaña del&nbsp;<em>Frente Nacional</em>&nbsp;de Marine Le Pen en Francia en 2017. En cada uno de esos países los líderes populistas han desplegado retoricas que trazan un arco emocional en tres partes, enfatizando el amor a la patria, el miedo a los extranjeros, y la indignación moralista en contra de las elites corruptas que han puesto en peligro el bienestar de la nación. La poderosa respuesta emocional que engendra esa retórica ha sido un factor central en los éxitos electorales recientes de esos movimientos.</div> </div> Matthew Levinger ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://journals.gmu.edu/index.php/NandC/article/view/1986 Tue, 06 Feb 2018 16:28:05 -0500 Welcome to Volume 6 of Narrative & Conflict https://journals.gmu.edu/index.php/NandC/article/view/1985 <p>The journal<strong><em> </em></strong><em>Narrative &amp; Conflict </em>is<em> </em>pleased to present our newest volume. We are excited to feature scholarship from Matthew Levinger on the rise of nationalist narratives, from John Winslade and Michael Williams discussing an innovative restorative narrative practice for working with students returning after a school suspension, and from Diana Anders who critically engages the therapeutic turn in International Humanitarian Law from a narrative perspective.</p><p>Volume 6 also includes a thought-provoking book review by Solon Simmons which brings <em>The Once and Future Liberal: After Identity Politics</em> (Lilla 2017) and <em>White Working Class: Overcoming Class Cluelessness in America</em> (Williams 2017) in conversation with one another, using a narrative lens to shed light on the current U.S. political moment.</p><p>Finally, we are proud to debut our newest journal section <em>Narrative &amp; Conflict: Notes from the Field</em>. This section will feature thought provoking reflections from scholars and practitioners working on issues related to narrative and conflict, beginning with an interview of Stephen Madigan by John Winslade on the practice of relational interviewing.</p><p>We hope you enjoy this volume! In case you missed Volume 5, released Spring 2017 it is available <a href="/NandC/issue/view/200">here</a>.</p><p>As always, we kindly ask that you keep <em>Narrative &amp; Conflict </em>in mind when thinking of publishing your work in the broader field of narrative in conflict analysis and resolution, and hope you will continue to invite colleagues, collaborators and associates to also consider us for future submissions of articles, monographs, book reviews, or notes from the field (for more information, please visit us at <a href="http://journals.gmu.edu/NandC">journals.gmu.edu/NandC</a>).</p><p> </p><p>Cordially,</p><p>Sara Cobb &amp; John Winslade, Editors<strong></strong></p> John M Winslade, Sara Cobb ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://journals.gmu.edu/index.php/NandC/article/view/1985 Tue, 06 Feb 2018 16:08:32 -0500 Re-Entry Conversations: A Restorative Narrative Practice for Student Reintegration https://journals.gmu.edu/index.php/NandC/article/view/1906 <div id="articleAbstract" class="block"> <div> <p>When a student returns to school after a suspension, he or she often returns to class as if nothing has happened. The hope is that the student will have learned from the experience and will make required behavioral changes but this is largely left up to chance. Re-entry conversations are an attempt to make learning from a particular experience less haphazard.&nbsp; This article maps out a template for such a conversation. It is intended to be facilitated by school counselors. The article includes a story to illustrate this approach in action. The conversation illustrated is marked by an attempt to inquire into the the hopes of the student rather than to pathologize him or require his compliance with the school’s hopes for him.</p> </div> </div> John M Winslade, Michael J. Williams ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://journals.gmu.edu/index.php/NandC/article/view/1906 Sun, 31 Dec 2017 19:24:53 -0500 Love, Fear, Anger: The Emotional Arc of Populist Rhetoric https://journals.gmu.edu/index.php/NandC/article/view/1954 <div id="articleAbstract" class="block"> <div> <p>Why, at the present historical moment, are divisive nationalist narratives more powerful than inclusive ones seeking to advance transnational integration? This essay examines four case studies of “nationalist storytelling”: the rhetoric of Nigel Farage’s United Kingdom Independence Party (UKIP) during the Leave campaign leading up to the Brexit referendum of June 2016 in the United Kingdom, the 2016 presidential campaign of Donald Trump in the United States, the 2017 campaign of Geert Wilders’ Freedom Party in the Netherlands, and the 2017 campaign of Marine Le Pen’s National Front in France. In each of these countries, populist leaders have deployed rhetoric that traces a three-stage emotional arc, emphasizing love for the homeland, fear of the foreigner, and righteous anger against corrupt elites who have endangered the nation’s well-being. The powerful emotional response aroused by this rhetoric has been a key factor in these movements’ recent electoral success.</p> </div> </div> Matthew Levinger ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://journals.gmu.edu/index.php/NandC/article/view/1954 Sun, 31 Dec 2017 19:24:53 -0500 Notes from the Field: Relational Interviewing https://journals.gmu.edu/index.php/NandC/article/view/1780 <div id="articleAbstract" class="block"> <div> <p>In the following&nbsp;<em>Narrative &amp; Conflict: Notes from the Field</em>, John Winslade interviews Stephen Madigan on emotionally preparing conflicted couple relationships for possible re-unification, separation, mediation, and family courtrooms through a narrative therapy informed practice.</p> <p>This interview with Stephen is about the practice of relational interviewing with separating couples he practices through the Vancouver School for Narrative Therapy. &nbsp;It is not a practice of mediation so much as a preparation for their relationship to enter into a legal narrative. &nbsp;It does afford the possibility of re-authoring the conflict narrative ahead of the legal negotiations that can then take place.</p> </div> </div> Stephen Madigan, John M Winslade ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://journals.gmu.edu/index.php/NandC/article/view/1780 Sun, 31 Dec 2017 19:24:53 -0500 Book Review of The Once and Future Liberal: After Identity Politics by Mark Lilla and White Working Class: Overcoming Class Cluelessness in America by Joan C. Williams https://journals.gmu.edu/index.php/NandC/article/view/1955 Solon Simmons ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://journals.gmu.edu/index.php/NandC/article/view/1955 Sun, 31 Dec 2017 19:24:53 -0500 Symbolic Exits from Trauma? War Crimes Tribunals, Sexual Violence and Juridical Performances of Healing https://journals.gmu.edu/index.php/NandC/article/view/1776 <p>My paper critically engages the&nbsp;<em>ad hoc</em>&nbsp;tribunals of Yugoslavia and Rwanda’s adjudication of sexual violence, using Shoshana Felman’s account of “historic trials” as a point of departure. Felman claims that post-atrocity trials can function as new paradigms of justice that go far beyond meting out punishment; they also perform what she characterizes as “symbolic exit[s] from the injuries of traumatic history.”(1) By way of close readings of trial judgments, I consider the ways in which gender and trauma are figured in particular landmark cases. I argue that, rather than providing a stage upon which catharsis can be attained by collective and individual victims, the trails can at times occassion their own forms of symbolic gendered violence. <br><br>(1). Felman, Shoshana.&nbsp;<em>The Juridical Unconscious</em>, New York: Routledge, 2002.</p> Diana Anders ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://journals.gmu.edu/index.php/NandC/article/view/1776 Sun, 31 Dec 2017 00:00:00 -0500 The Story of the Caliphate: Understanding the Islamic State through Narrative Analysis https://journals.gmu.edu/index.php/NandC/article/view/1769 <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">In the summer of 2014, the Islamic State catapulted into the international spotlight with its gruesome execution videos and savvy use of social media. Ever since, the United States and its allies have struggled to clearly articulate both the nature of the threat posed by the Islamic State and a coherent strategy for managing it. The author argues that the United States can do neither effectively without first understanding the Islamic State's strategic narrative. First, this paper describes the evolution of the Islamic State. Second, it defines strategic narrative in the context of doctrine, literary narrative, and propaganda, along with methods of interpretation. Third, this paper presents a theme-based content analysis of the Islamic State's official magazine, <em>Dabiq</em>, arguing that it advances the Islamic State’s strategic narrative by promoting the following five themes: Islamic legitimacy, statehood, belonging, righteousness, and engagement. Finally, this paper concludes by summarizing the Islamic State's strategic narrative and offering insights as to how an understanding of it could influence US policy and strategy.</span></p> Constance Quinlan ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://journals.gmu.edu/index.php/NandC/article/view/1769 Tue, 01 Aug 2017 17:15:52 -0400